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Día Internacional de la Mujer 2011.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" ¡Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí! Más»

Entrega de Silla de Ruedas.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" ¡Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí! Más»

Compartiendo con nuestras socias y socios de la tercera edad de Molino Abajo, Temoaya, Estado de México.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí. Más»

Visita la página de Código Ayuda Aquí.

Entrega de Reconocimiento por la AMS a la labor de Gabriela Goldsmith Presidenta de Código Ayuda A.C. Más»

Día de la Niñez 2011 con nuestras socias y socios de San Lorenzo Tepaltitlán, Toluca, Estado de México.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí. Más»

Entrega de Silla de Ruedas.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí. Más»

“Yo Me Declaro Defensor” de los Defensores de Derechos Humanos

Participación en la campaña “Yo Me Declaro Defensor” de los Defensores de Derechos Humanos por la Alta Comisionada de los Derechos Humanos de la ONU Navy Pillay. Más»

Entrega de Reconocimiento al Lic. Enrique Peña Nieto por su apoyo como gobernador a los grupos vulnerables de nuestra Asociación.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí. Más»

Compartiendo con nuestras socias y socios de la tercera edad en Molino Abajo, Temoaya, Estado de México.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" ¡Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí! Más»

Compartiendo con nuestras socias y socios de la tercera edad en Molino Abajo, Temoaya, Estado de México.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" ¡Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí! Más»

Compartiendo con nuestras socias y socios de la tercera edad en Molino Abajo, Temoaya, Estado de México.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" ¡Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí! Más»

Compartiendo con nuestras socias y socios de la tercera edad en Molino Abajo, Temoaya, Estado de México.

Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" ¡Visita la página de Madres Solas Aquí! Más»

Thelma Dorantes Autora y Actriz principal de la obra de Teatro \\\\

Visita de Thelma Dorantes a las oficina de la Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" en Toluca, Estado de México. Más»

Thelma Dorantes Autora y Actriz principal de la obra de Teatro \\\\

Visita de Thelma Dorantes a las oficina de la Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" en Toluca, Estado de México. Más»

Thelma Dorantes Autora y Actriz principal de la obra de Teatro \\\\

Visita de Thelma Dorantes a las oficina de la Asociación de Madres Solteras y Grupos Vulnerables para el Desarrollo Social \\\\\\\"Por un Trato más digno Yo Madre Soltera Aquí Estoy A.C.\\\\\\\" en Toluca, Estado de México. Más»

Premio Nacional del Trabajo 2012.

Entrega a los trabajadores de la Dirección de Organización y Desarrollo Administrativo de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México del Premio Nacional del Trabajo 2012 por la Secretaría de Trabajo y Previsión Social del Gobierno de México. Más»

 

Morir por no tener agua limpia y jabón

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: El Mundo Internacional

http://e00-elmundo.uecdn.es/assets/multimedia/imagenes/2017/08/18/15030900774002.jpg

Una joven coge agua en el campo de Ngala SYLVAIN CHERKAOUIMSF

Me encuentro en el campo de desplazados internos de Ngala, cerca de la frontera de Nigeria con Camerún, donde se refugian unas 45.000 personas que llegaron aquí huyendo de la violencia de Boko Haram y de las operaciones militares que están en curso en varios lugares del estado de Borno. Muchos de ellos llegaron hace uno y dos años, pero desde entonces la violencia no ha cesado y eso propicia que muchas personas se sigan viendo obligadas a dejar sus casas y a buscar refugio en lugares como este campo. Muchos han sido víctimas de actos de violencia extrema, han perdido a miembros de sus familias o han sido separados de sus seres queridos. Y prácticamente todos se encuentran en una situación muy vulnerable, ya que han sufrido fuertes traumas antes de llegar aquí, dejaron sus hogares con las manos prácticamente vacías y ahora dependen por completo de la ayuda humanitaria que les proporcionan las pocas organizaciones que estamos presentes aquí.

Nosotros comenzamos a prestar asistencia sanitaria en Ngala en octubre de 2016. Y la inseguridad en toda la región hizo que tuviéramos que enfrentarnos a muchos obstáculos para poder prestar asistencia médica. De hecho, durante las primeras semanas, solo podíamos entrar a través de una serie de equipos que cruzaban desde Camerún a Nigeria de forma regular, pero no teníamos una presencia permanente en el campo. Y es que aquí prácticamente no había nadie aparte de nosotros. Hoy en día la situación sigue siendo muy volátil, pero al menos hemos logrado establecer un equipo médico permanente que se encarga de administrar un hospital, donde atendemos muchos casos de desnutrición.

A todos los problemas que ya teníamos, se unen ahora los que causa la lluvia. Cada vez que el cielo se abre, esto se convierte en un auténtico pantanal. La gente tiene que desplazarse de un lugar a otro por caminos completamente embarrados, hay agua sucia estancada por todos lados y los refugios están anegados. El agua sucia también llena los agujeros de las letrinas, haciendo que estas se desborden y que los restos de excrementos se extiendan por todo el campamento. Y esto, con toda probabilidad, dará lugar a que surjan nuevos brotes de enfermedades. Uno de hepatitis E ya ha sido confirmado, pero pronto podrían aparecer otras enfermedades transmitidas por el agua.

La epidemia de hepatitis E se ha extendido desde Níger hasta aquí, y en apenas dos meses ya se han registrado 400 casos de la enfermedad en Ngala, de los cuales 170 han pasado por nuestro hospital. Así que sí, podemos decir que la situación comienza a ser preocupante. Y parte de la culpa de que esta enfermedad altamente contagiosa se haya propagado tan rápidamente por el campo la tienen las condiciones de vida tan extremas en las que la gente tiene que vivir aquí. Sé que parecerá exagerado, pero en el fondo es así de simple: aquí la gente está contrayendo la hepatitis E por algo tan simple como no disponer de agua limpia y jabón. Y es terriblemente doloroso saber que hay gente muriendo por no disponer de algo que en otras circunstancias sería de lo más normal tener.

Si reciben tratamiento a tiempo, generalmente todos los pacientes se recuperan bien de esta enfermedad, que no tiene unos índices de mortalidad muy altos, pero en el caso de las mujeres embarazadas hay que tener un especial cuidado, ya que se ceba especialmente con ellas y puede ocasionarles graves daños tanto a ellas como a sus futuros bebés. La hepatitis E es la causa de un alto número de abortos, de mortinatos y de nacimientos prematuros y también puede provocar sangrado en las madres durante y después del parto. De hecho, en uno de nuestros proyectos de Níger, estamos viendo cómo decenas de mujeres embarazadas han fallecido en los últimos meses a causa de esta enfermedad.

Aquí en Ngala ya han muerto cuatro mujeres embarazadas sin que pudiéramos salvarlas. Sé que no parecen muchas dadas las circunstancias actuales, pero si tenemos en cuenta que en una situación medianamente normal ninguna habría muerto, estaréis de acuerdo conmigo en que todas y cada una de esas muertes podían haberse evitado.

Tenemos varios equipos de promoción de la salud que trabajan codo con codo junto a las comunidades para eliminar los desechos y las aguas residuales del campamento. Y para que no sigan produciéndose muertes innecesarias, también distribuimos jabón y desinfectamos el sistema de suministro de agua… aunque el cloro no resulta tan eficaz contra la hepatitis E como lo es contra otras enfermedades. Afortunadamente, al menos en estas tareas no estamos solos; hay otras organizaciones humanitarias que también se han sumado al esfuerzo para mejorar el sistema de suministro de agua. Todas estamos haciendo un enorme trabajo.

Ese enorme esfuerzo para mejorar las condiciones del campo se está traduciendo en que el número de nuevos casos esté disminuyendo, pero las lluvias aún caerán durante algunos meses más y eso hará que los riesgos sigan aumentando. Uno de nuestros mayores temores es el cólera, ya que si se llegara a producir una epidemia aquí, la situación se volvería un completo desastre. Como decía antes, Ngala se encuentra en una zona muy aislada y muy insegura, así que para nosotros sería muy difícil poder montar la estructura necesaria para atender a los pacientes. Sea como fuere, lo que está claro es que nos quedan unos meses por delante muy duros y de mucho trabajo.

La ‘fiscal rebelde’ de Venezuela huye a Colombia

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: El País España

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Colombia confirmó este viernes la llegada a Bogotá de la exfiscal de Venezuela Luisa Ortega

“Migración Colombia se permite informar que el día de hoy en horas de la tarde ingresó al país proveniente de Aruba, la señora Fiscal General de Venezuela, Luisa Ortega Díaz, quien arribó en un vuelo privado al Aeropuerto de Bogotá e hizo su correspondiente trámite migratorio” señalaron en un comunicado las autoridades colombianas. Migración confirmó que Ortega llegó acompañada de su esposo el diputado Germán Ferrer.

Ortega habría huido de Venezuela en una lancha por la península de Paraguaná en dirección a la isla de Aruba y de ahí a Bogotá a donde llegó en vuelo privado. 

Teóricamente, Ortega estaba bajo vigilancia después de que el Gobierno de Nicolás Maduro la señalara como enemigo publico número uno y prohibiera su salida de Venezuela.

La huida de Ortega coincide con sus denuncias sobre los vínculos entre el presidente de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, y la constructora brasileña Odebrecht, dijo este viernes en un audio la exfiscal, durante una reunión de homólogos de todo el continente celebrada en Puebla (México) en la que participó enviando un audio.

Según denuncia Ortega en la grabación, entre las razones de fondo para la “persecución sistemática” del Gobierno de Nicolás Maduro hacia ella y personal del Ministerio Público estarían los sobornos de Odebrecht a funcionarios del Gobierno venezolano, dijo ante sus colegas.

“Es el mayor hecho de corrupción en la región y eso los tiene muy preocupados y angustiados porque saben que tenemos la información y el detalle de todas las operaciones y montos”, afirmó en una grabación difundida durante la Cumbre de Fiscales de América Latina.

“Tenemos el detalle de toda la cooperación, montos y personajes que se enriquecieron y esa investigación involucra al señor Nicolás Maduro y a su entorno”, dijo la fiscal perseguida por el chavismo.

Según Ortega 64 fiscales venezolanos especializados en corrupción tienen prohibido salir del país debido al caso Odebrecht. En consecuencia, la exfiscal advirtió a sus colegas de que “cualquier información que envíen al Ministerio Público (de Venezuela) servirá para todo lo contrario (…) atentar contra la fuente”, señaló en el audio difundido.

La exfiscal fue destituida de su cargo por parte de la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, después de que el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ) aprobara el antejuicio de mérito. El parlamentario Pedro Carreño pidió que se investigara a Ortega Díaz por ser señalada de “atentar, lesionar, o amenazar la ética pública y la moral administrativa”, según dijo en su momento.

El actual fiscal general de Venezuela, Tarek William Saab, acusó a Luisa Ortega Díaz de ser la “autora intelectual” de las muertes y heridos de las últimas semanas. 

“Me podrán inventar delitos pero defenderé hasta el último aliento la democracia”, insistió ante el resto de fiscales del continente.

Reflections on Sierra Leone's mudslide disaster

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

This week Sierra Leone’s capital Freetown experienced a devastating mudslide and flooding that claimed over 400 lives. Dozens are still missing presumed dead. Sierra Leonean journalist and Freetown resident Umaru Fofana reflects on the disaster.

On Monday 14 August, shortly after 08:00 (08:00 GMT), I could still hear the patter of heavy rain that had been falling all through the night.

Shaking off that post-weekend feeling, I stood outside my house as I often do when it rains heavily.

I live just a few metres outside Freetown’s largest slum, Kroo Bay.

There, whenever it rains, every room experiences flooding complete with red tropical mud and rubbish. One of the largest drains in town, Samba Gutter, simply empties itself into the community.

Ironically when it is not raining they struggle for water. Five water pumps serve a community of nearly 15,000 people.

On this day the rain was so heavy that the accompanying fog had enveloped the bay.

My phone rang. A foreign diplomat was on the line. He wanted to check some information he had received.

“Has there been a mudslide or flooding around Regent?” he asked.

I smiled wryly not in disbelief but because I was not surprised.

“It happens almost every year,” I retorted. “But I hear this one is very serious,” he insisted.

I promised I would find out and get back to him.

Minutes later, my phones went into overdrive: some callers wanted to confirm the “rumours”, others simply to pass on information.

I spent 10 minutes calling the Office of National Security which coordinates, or should coordinate, disaster responses.

After a few tries someone answered. He confirmed that there had indeed been a mudslide and flooding, but could not give me further details as he had just received the news.

I alerted London and set off towards the scene.

Like most of Freetown, Regent is a mountainous village; the Portuguese explorers who named Sierra Leone derived its name from the mountains: Sera Lyoa – meaning “Lion Mountain”.

What in the past used to be lush green vegetation has given way to massive houses belonging to the nouveau riche.

As I approached Regent I saw a massive red opening, part of what is a very green mountain. A huge chunk of Mount Sugar Loaf had caved in.

I was shocked at seeing the way part of the mountain had peeled away. At that moment the number of casualties was not clear.

When I arrived at the scene I could see the houses had disappeared, completely submerged by the mountain rug of red earth that had descended.

Residents, believed to number between 600 and 1,000, lay buried beneath the mudslide.

This is when the magnitude of the disaster dawned on me.

The calls kept coming. Now people were telling me about the flash floods that had been partly caused by the collapse of the mountain.

Huge boulders had created a massive channel that had widened the waterway, sweeping away homes in its path. It was ferocious.

Seven hours after the mudslide, there was no significant response on sight.

Young men in the neighbourhood were busy digging with their bare hands, desperately hoping to find people alive. But given the sheer weight of the mud their attempts appeared futile.

Ambulances left by the Ebola response teams of two years ago arrived a few hours later. But that was all there was.

The heavy-lifting machinery and equipment needed were nowhere to be seen. Just like in 2013 when the colonial-era King Jimmy Bridge caved in and killed many, construction companies had to be called upon to provide excavators.

Man-made tragedy

On Monday night, President Ernest Bai Koroma addressed the nation. He sounded emotional, clearly touched by the events.

But could this have been avoided? Many have referred to this disaster as man-made.

Most of Freetown’s forest cover, which used to capture the rainfall, has been tampered with. The construction of houses is poorly regulated, and town planning is virtually non-existent.

They system of buying land is chaotic and often fraudulent.

This was clearly a disaster waiting to happen, which is why many were surprised that no-one has been held accountable.

If you hurt the environment, the environment will definitely fight back. It is that simple.

Sierra Leone has had more than its fair share of challenges in recent times.

From a civil war that killed and maimed thousands, to an Ebola outbreak that debilitated the nation, making fear the order of the day.

And just when we thought we could move on, this happened.

Ebola obviously wreaked havoc on my country. So did the war.

During the orgy of killings by the rebels that reached its crescendo on 6 January 1991, corpses were strewn on the streets of Freetown. The central mortuary was overwhelmed.

But nothing comes anywhere close in comparison to this week. Almost 400 corpses were spread on the floor, estimated Dr Owiz Koroma, the country’s sole pathologist.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

</figure>To me as a journalist, in a country with huge mineral resources and wonderful people, I have not seen the positive side of that mineral wealth or its impact on the poor. 

Whenever I travel abroad the questions I am asked revolve around the mayhem that my country has come to be associated with.

I keep going because I feel I need to be an uncompromising voice that sides with the people and gives them a platform to hold their leaders accountable.

But the impact of this disaster on me has been massive. I will never forget the scenes both inside and outside the central mortuary on that day.

Inside, hundreds of bodies lay on the bare floor, decomposing. Outside dozens of family members waiting to go in and identify their loved ones.

The outpouring of emotions by these bewildered, distraught relatives was heart wrenching.

Alpha wept uncontrollably and could not even talk. He had lost his mother.

A middle-aged wailed inconsolably. She kept calling out to Adama to “come back” and sang in lament questioning God, asking why He had taken Adama away.

Dozens of people still lie under the mud.

A man who was going to get married in four days time was among the dead.

So were six kids who went to study at the home of the star pupil in their class.

A senior Sierra Leonean military officer who had just returned home from a UN peacekeeping assignment also perished.

What is more, the rainy season has not even reached its peak.

Every year we get to see floods destroying lives and property.

But it is always the same attitude from the leaders. They seem to prefer putting out fires instead of preventing them.

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</figure>

The crowdfunded news agency risking all for Hong Kong scoops

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

When journalists working for Hong Kong’s fledgling Factwire news agency hit the streets of Mong Kok last week, they were looking for evidence to support a shocking story of abduction and torture.

Just hours before, Howard Lam, a veteran activist and a familiar presence at countless pro-democracy demonstrations, told how he was kidnapped and beaten by suspected agents of mainland China.

The most alarming detail? Graphic images of metal staples embedded in his legs, in a cross-like pattern.

Mainland Chinese law enforcement officials are not allowed to operate in Hong Kong, a semi-autonomous city that enforces its own rules.

Any evidence of their involvement in a crime would be of enormous global interest, not to mention a huge coup for Factwire, a crowd-funded, bilingual investigative news agency established two years ago with only 10 staff.

Over the next two days, what they would uncover would have implications for the official police investigation, tarnish the reputation of the largest democracy party in Hong Kong, and highlight the miasma of paranoia and mistrust that continues to loom over the former British colony.

Hong Kong police arrest activist over abduction claim

‘No boss, no investors, no advertisers’

To understand Factwire, I meet the only member of the operation who is willing to be interviewed: the founder, Ng Hiu-tong.

There are a lot of things Mr Ng, 47, says he does not do.

He insists that he is not the boss, he gives no orders and he does not get too involved in the actual investigations.

He also draws no salary. But he is, no doubt, the mastermind of the shoestring operation.

He was inspired to start the agency because of the enormous political divisions that emerged in the wake of the 2014 democracy protests in Hong Kong.

“There were too many opinions and conflicts, not based on facts,” he says. “I was shocked that reporters were chased and hit by protesters because they didn’t like the reports.”

His other inspiration? BBC News.

“We have no boss, no investors and no advertisers,” he says. “It’s the BBC model. They don’t care about advertisers. The BBC is sponsored by the public, so the boss is the public. And the money should come from the public.”

A veteran journalist, Mr Ng established the news agency in the summer of 2015 with a crowd-funding campaign that raised HK$4.75m ($607,000; £471,000) in less than three months.

By early 2016, he had hired the 10-strong editorial team.

“I told them they had six months to make something happen,” he recalls. “In terms of impact, I think it’s been far faster than what I had imagined in terms of building trust and credibility.”

Shoe-leather reporting

They first made a splash with a report about safety concerns at a nuclear power station in Guangdong province.

Other highlights include the revelation of quality problems with Chinese-made subway trains, and the news that Hong Kong had confiscated military vehicles belonging to Singapore that had been used for training exercises in Taiwan.

Some have asked whether the journalists used illegal methods in obtaining their information.

Mr Ng says it is all down to old-school, shoe-leather reporting: working sources, finding publically available information and spending a lot of time on the streets.

To investigate the Howard Lam case, he says, the first Factwire journalists were on the scene of the alleged kidnapping within one hour of Mr Lam’s press conference on 11 August.

Their goal was to find CCTV footage of the reported abduction. The local shop owners were initially helpful, turning over several hours of tapes.

But then the authorities arrived, after Mr Lam, a member of the pro-democracy Democratic Party, made his official police report.

The news agency said the police later warned shop owners not to give out any more tapes, so the journalists left empty-handed.

After returning the next day and pleading their case, by 13 August, the team had enough information to come to a startling conclusion: that the activist had not been abducted on the street, and at the time, that he had alleged.

“They tried to find footage that captured the abduction,” says Mr Ng. “But what happened didn’t match what Mr Lam said. The journalists cannot hide the results just because it is not ‘favourable’.”

The Factwire report was published on 14 August, shortly before Mr Lam was arrested for allegedly providing false information.

Ownership issue

The news agency was criticised online by some who accused it of being a tool of the Hong Kong or Chinese governments.

Mr Ng admits the attacks and the numerous conspiracy theories about the news investigation reflect the extreme paranoia and divisiveness of Hong Kong society.

Hong Kong currently stands at number 73 in the 2017 World Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders, compared to 45 for Taiwan.

According to Fu King-wa, an associate professor at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre at the University of Hong Kong, concerns about press freedom are part of what gave rise to crowdfunded news sites like Factwire.

“Most of the media owners in Hong Kong have direct or indirect business, political or social relationships in China,” he says. “So there is widespread self-censorship.”

He believes the publically funded business model – used wholly or in part by local media start-ups such as Hong Kong Free Press, Hong Kong Citizen News and Initium – seeks to minimise self-censorship.

But he doubts whether this business model is sustainable in the long run.

As for Factwire, it is asking readers to sign up for annual subscriptions, as well as charging mainstream media organisations to run its stories.

Mr Ng plans to expand the team and predicts his reporters will be “wrong again” in future investigations.

“That’s inevitable. You can’t hide the truth, even if it hurts.”

Congo mudslide death toll &#039;to rise to 200&#039;

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

The death toll from Wednesday’s landslide in north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo is expected to rise above 200, officials say.

Most of the dead are from a fishing community on Lake Albert.

Officials say the figure is based on the number of households buried after heavy rains caused parts of a nearby mountain to collapse.

Hopes of finding survivors has faded as rescuers do not have the means to move the large rocks.

“There are many people submerged whom we were unable to save,” Pacifique Keta, the vice governor of Ituri province told Reuters news agency.

Mountains made the area difficult to access, Mr Keta added.

Many parts of west and central Africa are vulnerable to landslides, because land is heavily deforested and communities crowd into steep hillsides.

Eastern Congo is also on a seismic fault line and frequently suffers earthquakes.

More than 400 people have been killed and 600 remain missing after a similar disaster in Sierra Leone.

Week in pictures: 12 – 18 August 2017

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

Our selection of some of the most striking news photographs taken around the world this week.

All photographs are copyrighted.

Mexican muralists transform violent neighbourhoods

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

For many years the rundown Palmitas neighbourhood that overlooks the Mexican city of Pachuca was a hive of delinquency.

The drab homes and dimly lit streets that hugged the steep hillside were rife with drug addiction, theft and domestic violence.

Now proudly bathed in kaleidoscopic colours, the area stands as an example of how to transform marginalised neighbourhoods across Latin America.

Government-funded muralists have turned the hillside into a giant work of art, while helping locals to find employment opportunities and develop a sense of community.

“The neighbourhood changed completely. The colours gave it life,” says Doña Chela, a local pastry chef.

“There used to be a lot of robberies and people drinking on the streets all the time. That happens much less now.”

Pachuca’s paint job

Located 88km (55 miles) north east of Mexico City in Hidalgo state, Pachuca is best known as a former hub for Cornish miners who introduced football and pasties to Mexico in the 19th Century.

The city has been spared the worst of the cartel violence that has plagued Mexico in the last decade but petty crime has been a consistent problem, particularly in hillside slums like Palmitas.

Read: A guide to Mexico’s drug cartels

This has begun to change since a team of graffiti artists known as the Germen Crew painted 200 houses here in 2015.

Viewed from afar, the homes fit together to form swirling patterns inspired by Pachuca’s nickname, “La Bella Airosa” (The Windy Beauty).

Closer inspection reveals finer details among the labyrinth of stairways and alleyways, including several iconic portraits of local residents.

The muralists are now painting another 300 homes in the adjacent Cubitos neighbourhood.

Known as the Macro Mural, the project is due for completion in November.

Organisers say it will cover 40,000 square metres, making it the world’s largest mural of its kind.

Changing people’s lives

The project is led by Enrique Gómez, a 36-year-old former gang member from an impoverished area in nearby Mexico state.

“I’ve had an intense life. I left home at age 16 and got involved in gangs and loads of illegal stuff,” Mr Gómez says.

“Fortunately through graffiti I found a pathway out of all that. There was more money in graffiti and less risk of being arrested or killed.”


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Mr Gómez says his background has helped him win the trust of local youths.

By persuading members of feuding clans to paint together he aims to reduce tensions and engender a sense of brotherhood and community spirit.

Aside from brightening the area with his brushstrokes, Mr Gómez has given talks, held art workshops and employed locals to help out.

He also hopes to open a community centre where children can engage in healthy activities and learn to use computers.

“Before, people didn’t like to admit they were from here. Now they boast of it,” Mr Gómez says with a smile.

“We’ve shown them they can find work and move forward in life, no matter where they’re from.”

Prevention of crime

The Mexican government has invested almost 10 million pesos ($565,000; £435,000) in the project, including funding for new street lights, counselling for local families, and cookery, hairdressing and jewellery-making workshops.

Critics have accused the government of trying to “paint over poverty”, but Juan Pontigo, the head of Hidalgo’s public security council, insists that Mexico must back more initiatives like this to provide vulnerable youths with alternatives to a life of crime.

“If you ask children today if they’d like to be police officers, many say no, they want to be narcos,” Mr Pontigo says.

“We have a culture of being reactive to crime and focusing on its effects. We must also do all we can to address the causes through prevention.”

The project’s potential has not gone unnoticed.

The Germen Crew were recently hired to produce another Macro Mural in the northern city of Monterrey, while their work has also inspired a similar programme in Puerto Rico.

“We’ve had visitors from other states and countries who are interested in replicating this model,” says Pachuca mayor Yolanda Tellería.

“It’s a success story for transforming favelas and neighbourhoods with high levels of crime and social problems.”

The murals have also boosted Pachuca’s international profile. A music video that British pop stars Sigala and Ella Eyre filmed in Palmitas has over 13 million views since its release in June.

Mayor Tellería hopes the exposure will draw foreign tourists. Her government intends to run guided tours of the murals, creating opportunities for locals to sell snacks and souvenirs to visitors.

“We want people to visit this place,” Ms Tellería says.

“We need to bring tourism and generate revenue within these neighbourhoods for the benefit of our youth.”

Baghdad&#039;s Little Manchester

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

Manchester United FC boasts followers all around the world. Iraq, despite its years of war, is no exception.

At the official Manchester United Fan Club in Baghdad, members say football is used as an escape from the uncertainty and violence of their everyday life.

How Al Pacino came to my rescue

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

Life with a disability can sometimes give rise to unspoken questions and sensitivities, but amid the awkwardness there can be humour. The following is an edited version of a sketch performed by Frank Burton, who has a form of epilepsy, at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

I’d like to tell you about the time I was sitting in the corner of a pub blurting out the titles of Al Pacino movies, while patting my head and rubbing my stomach.

I’d probably better put this in context. I have Non-Epileptic Attack Syndrome, a condition which causes me to have partial seizures, leaving me unable to walk and half-conscious, although I can still respond up to a point.

It’s a bit like being struck by lightning. Not necessarily in terms of the physical impact but the randomness, as they can hit whenever and wherever I am.

If you watch out for the warning signs, such as dizziness, you can prevent yourself from having an attack by engaging the left and right side of the brain to stop it from shutting down and helping you to stay conscious.

Something like patting your head and rubbing your stomach is perfect. It can be quite a tricky manoeuvre for novices, but I’m an absolute legend at it now.

It also helps if you think about your immediate surroundings and focus on all five senses to remind yourself what’s happening around you.

What do I see? Avocado salad. What do I hear? A colleague announcement: “Can Frederick please assist with a sparkling wine spillage?” What do I smell? Organic Turkish Delight. What do I feel? Out of my depth. Where am I? Waitrose. Relax. Pretend to be middle class.

Singing helps, too, if you focus on the memorised words. It’s funny how your musical tastes change over the years, particularly after becoming a parent.

The teenage raver inside me was mortified when I successfully averted a seizure for the first time by banging on the kitchen cupboards and singing “B.I.N.G.O. And Bingo was his name-o!”

Up until last year, it was assumed I had epilepsy, so I was given lots of drugs, which didn’t work. It got to a point where I had several attacks a day and my wife and I moved in with my parents temporarily so they could help look after the kids.

I was eventually referred to a neuropsychiatrist and diagnosed with “non-epileptic seizures”, and things got back to normal. Shortly afterwards, my dad drove me and my son home from Lancashire to Hampshire.

We stopped at a pub for lunch. I was still off my face on medication, so orange juice was all I could handle, and my dad took my little boy off for a walk. I was sat alone in the corner of the pub when dizziness kicked in – a lightening strike was imminent.

I started to pat my head and rub my stomach and the dizziness subsided a little, but not enough, so I went through my check-list.

What do I see? Red and white carpet with mysterious dark-brown blotches. What do I hear? Lionel Richie’s Dancing on the Ceiling. What do I smell? Heineken and crisps. What do I feel? Slightly nauseous. Where am I? A pub. Relax. Pretend to be working class.

This wasn’t quite doing the trick, so I tried another approved technique – recalling facts.

“Serpico,” I said out loud. “The Godfather. The Godfather Part Two. Dog Day Afternoon.”

I had my eyes closed, so I almost didn’t notice the man from the opposite table asking what I was up to.

“I’m naming Al Pacino films,” I replied. This wasn’t the time or place to elaborate and he was clearly too polite to ask why I was patting my head and rubbing my stomach at the same time, so I just said: “It helps me concentrate.”

“Scent of a Woman,” he said.

“What?”

“Scent of a Woman, Al Pacino.”

“Hang on,” I said. “I’m starting at the 70s and working my way up – that one’s 1992.”

“So it was,” he said. “Oi, Mick!” He called across the bar. “Mick’s on the quiz team,” he explained, “He’ll help.”

Sure enough, Mick was a human encyclopaedia and started to reel films off at breakneck speed: “Scarface, 1983. Revolution, 1985,” all the way up to Misconduct, 2016.

“By the way, what’s all of this business?” Mick said, imitating me by patting his head and rubbing his stomach.

“It’s a long story,” I replied. I’d come to my senses sufficiently by now to offer an explanation, but sometimes that simple phrase is enough and Mick was completely satisfied.

“You’ve really helped me out there, guys,” I said to them. I was now fully conscious, another crisis averted and on the verge of conquering this major illness, in the most unlikely way.

My new friend Mick came over all serious, like he’d realised there was more to this exchange than some Hollywood nostalgia.

“Listen,” he said. “I’m off to the bar. I’ll get you another orange juice. And when I get back let’s start on Robert De Niro!”

Storytelling Live: Tales of the Misunderstood

Frank was one of seven people with a disability or mental health problem to perform a story about awkward moments as part of BBC Ouch’s storytelling event at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

Look out for more stories over the next few weeks as well as a special TV programme which brings all the tales together.

For more Disability News, follow BBC Ouch on Twitter and Facebook, and subscribe to the weekly podcast.

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p class=”story-body__introduction”>For more Disability News, follow BBC Ouch on Twitter and Facebook, and subscribe to the weekly podcast.

Disputed Venezuela assembly takes parliament&#039;s powers

Esta NOTICIA fue originalmente compartida en Aula News Unión Europea

Fuente: BBC News

Venezuela’s controversial new constituent assembly has overwhelmingly voted in favour of assuming the powers of the opposition-led parliament.

The move has been rejected by parliament, which said Venezuelans and the international community would not recognise the new powers.

President Nicolas Maduro says the new assembly will end the deadly political unrest in the country.

But many have called it a slide towards dictatorship.

The head of the Organization of American States (OAS) Luis Almagro called the move an “illegitimate dissolution” of the elected parliament.

Regional economic bloc Mercosur – which includes the region’s two biggest economies Brazil and Argentina – also condemned the move and said it would not recognise the new assembly’s actions.

Mercosur suspended Venezuela indefinitely earlier this month, urging Mr Maduro to release prisoners and begin a political transition.

Meanwhile the heads of the parliament and the new assembly have been trading insults on social media.

Parliament head Julio Borges accused the new assembly of a “coup” while new assembly head Delcy Rodriguez – a close ally of Mr Maduro – denounced his “lies”.

Mr Maduro’s wife and son are among the 545 members of the new assembly, which was set up following a controversial election earlier this month.

More than 120 people have been killed in violent protests since April.

The president’s opponents want to hold a vote to remove him, blaming his left-wing administration for food shortages and soaring inflation in the oil-rich country.

Media playback is unsupported on your device

</figure><h2 class="story-body__crosshead">What is the new body - and why is it so controversial?</h2>Constituent assemblies are set up for the specific purpose of drafting or adopting a constitution, and as such can fundamentally change how a country is run.

Venezuela seen waves of violent protests, and Mr Maduro presented the assembly as a way of promoting “reconciliation and peace”.

An ally of Mr Maduro, former foreign minister Delcy Rodriguez, is president of the new body

How widely is it supported?

The election for the constituent assembly was marred by violence and accusations of fraud.

Venezuela’s electoral authorities said more than eight million people, or 41.5% of the electorate, had voted, a figure the company that provided the voting system said was inflated.

The opposition boycotted the poll and also held an unofficial referendum in which they said more than seven million Venezuelans voted against the constituent assembly.

How does the international community see it?

The US has imposed sanctions on Mr Maduro, with the Trump administration calling him a “dictator”.

The European Union and major Latin American nations say they will not recognise the new body.

Mr Maduro retains a major ally in Russia, however, and has the support of several left-wing nations in the Americas.

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